Sistem Operasi Linux

Situs Pembantu Pembelajaran TKJ SMK Negeri 1 Kedungwuni

Sistem Operasi Linux

April 20, 2020 KJD X TKJ1 23

Sistem Operasi Linux

 

Linux adalah sistem operasi yang bersifat open source dan gratis untuk disebarluaskan di bawah lisensi GNU. Linux dapat bekerja pada berbagai macam perangkat keras computer mulai dari inter x86 sampai dengan RISC.
Dengan lisensi GNU (Gnu Not Unix) Kalian dapat memperoleh program, lengkap dengan kode sumbernya (source code). Kalian juga akan diberikan hak untuk mengkopi sebanyak kalian mau, atau bahkan mengubah kode sumbernya. Dan itu semua legal dibawah lisensi.

Menurut para pengamat teknologi informatika, mereka beranggapan kesuksesan Linux dikarenakan:
1. Linux tidak bergantung kepada vendor (vendor independence),
2. Biaya operasional yang rendah
3. Kompatibilitas yang tinggi
4. Keamanan dan kestabilannya yang tinggi dibandingkan Microsoft Windows.
5. Keunggulan model pengembangan perangkat lunak sumber terbuka (opensource software).

Kelebihan dan Kekurangan Sistem Operasi Linux

Kekurangan:
• Proses instalasinya tidak semudah windows.
• Struktur direktori dan hak akses yang membingungkan pengguna yang biasa memakai windows.
• Banyak user yang belum terbiasa menggunakan linux.
• Untuk administrator sistem yang belum biasa menggunakan Unix-like, maka harus belajar dulu.
• Hardware dari vendor-vendor tertentu yang tidak terlalu memberi dukungan baik pada linux.
• Aplikasi di linux belum seampuh aplikasi windows.

Kelebihan:
• Linux dapat berjalan di dua mode.
• Jarang crash atau nge-hang karena linux lebih stabil.
• Memiliki komunitas di berbagai penjuru dunia.
• Terdapat beragam pilihan seperti Ubuntu, Fedora, Debian, dan lain sebagainya.
• Cocok untuk PC yang memiliki spesifikasi minimum.
• Memiliki pengamanan yang lebih unggul karena di desain multiuser sehingga apabila virus menyerang user tertentu, akan sangat sulit menyebar ke user lainnya.
• Hampir semua aplikasi yang biasa dijalankan di windows, sudah ada aplikasi linuxnya yang dikembangkan oleh komunitas linux atau bisa juga menggunakan software emulator.
• Linux sekarang sudah mudah di operasi kan.
• Bersifat open source, bebas dan terbuka. sehingga tidak perlu biaya untuk mendapatkannya. LISENSI FREE dan boleh di utak atik semaunya.

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